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Burned City of Sistan and Baloochestan

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The burned city is one of the historical attractions of Iran, located 56 kilometers from Zabul, on the edge of the Zabul-Zahedan Road and is listed on the UNESCO World Heritage List. The burned city is actually the name of the remains of an ancient urban state in Iran, which was founded in 3200 BC.


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The burning city of Sistan and Baluchestan was built on the coasts of the Hearmand river, on the Hamoon Lake and on the shore of the river. The construction period of this great city is with the bronze period of the civilization of Jiroft, and Zarravanites lived in this city about 6,000 years ago.

  • Background information

    The burning city of Sistan and Baluchestan was founded in 3200 BC, and the people of this city lived in four periods between 3200 and 1800 BC. The ancient site of the burned city in the second and third millennium BC was built by immigrants who emigrated from the four corners.
    The document or inscription, which identifies the true and old name of this city, has not yet been obtained and is called a "burned city" during two periods between 3200 and 2750 BC. "Colonel Beat" is one of British military officers are among the first to point to the area during the Qajar period and after visiting Sistan, and the first one to call the site burned out in its memories and the remains of the fire.
  • Specific information

    The burning city of Sistan and Baluchestan is the center of many industrial and artistic activities. In the sixth chapter, exploration of the burning city was made of interesting and exquisite jewelry. During the excavations of the previous seasons in the burned city, it was found that, due to the industrialization of the scorched city and the existence of pottery and jewelery industrial workshops in this area, the residents of the burned city used the trees in the nature of the area for fuel. In the burned city, various types of pottery and stoneware, mosaics, all kinds of fabrics and mattresses have been found that reflect the existence of several types of industry, especially the advanced textile industry. Up to now, 12 types of monochromatic cloth and fishing hooks have been found in the burned city, and the people of this city were using basins in the swamps around Hamoun baskets and mats, and used these nails to make the roof. The fishing of the fish and the texture of fishing trips have also been burned by other people in the city.
    The burned city has been one of the most advanced cities of its time. For example:
    - The first artificial eye of the world in the burned city:
    For the first time in the burned city, an artificial eye was discovered 4800 years ago. This artificial eye belongs to a woman aged 25-30, buried in one of the burnt-out graves. The woman's skull has an artificial eye on the burnt city, the artificial eye is seen on her skull.
    Brain Surgery In The City:
    One of the most surprising findings of the burned city is the appearance of signs of the earliest brain surgery in the city burned. A squeegee of a girl of twelve or thirteen years old, whose doctors drank a part of his skull bone to treat the disease of hydrocephaly (fluid accumulation in the squamous), 4800 years ago, and was surgically resuscitated long after that.
    A 5,000-year-old line-up in the burned city:
    During excavations in the burned city, a ruler made of ebony wood was discovered.
    The world's oldest backgammon in the burned city
    An ancient grave called No. 761, the oldest backgammon in the world, with its 60 beads found in the burnt city. This backgammon is much older than the back board found in the royal cemetery "Or" in Mesopotamia.
    -The world's first animation in the burned city:
    When exploring the burned city, archaeologists found a cup at the 5,000-year-old grave that saw the role of a goat with a tree on it. After examining this object, they found that the role played by it, unlike other works from the historic sites of the burned city, had a purposeful repeat, showing the movement of the goat to the tree. The artist, who painted the bowl of pottery, has been able to design a bowl in five moves that feeds on the tree of the leaf.
  • More Info

    Based on the findings of the burned-out city archaeologists, the area is 151 hectares and its remnants show that it has five residential areas located in the northeastern part of the burned city, the central parts, the industrial area, the monuments and the cemetery, which are in the form of hills and Clinging together. Eighty acres of burnished city were residential areas.
    Among other important objects found among thousands of objects can be found pottery with the signature of potters on it, hammer, needles, residential settlements and buildings such as apartments, melon seeds, legumes, dried fish, rice, cumin, pottery furnaces, ovens Melting of metals, button, ax, cufflinks, hooks, shoulders, ropes, baskets, hair flowers, wooden frames, shoes, belts and so on.

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