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Flourish of Kalpourgan Pottery (Saravan Museum of dust)

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The Kalpourgan Pottery Museum (Saravan Museum of dust) in Sistan and Balouchestan is the only museum of the world's pottery that has survived the seven thousand years and its pottery designs have been unchanged for thousands of years and from generation to generation. Has been transferred

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The Museum of Potpourri of Kalpargan (Saravan Soil Museum) is located in a village of the same name 25 km south-east of Saravan city, 100 km from Saravan-Bam-e-Reza road.
The pottery produced in the Koolporang region shows the continuation of a six thousand year old life of a prehistoric pottery in Iran, which has not altered the way of making, decorating and mines supplying materials of this kind of pottery during the millennia. The workshop has been established as a living museum that exhibits the continuation of the prehistoric pottery tradition of Balochistan, the Arians, to record national works of the country.

  • Specific information

    What distinguishes Cloporgan's pottery from other places is its unique features, such that in the making of pottery all the delicate stages of pottery by women are carried out, and men just do things like carrying clay from a mosquitane mine located two to three Km of the workshop, preparing flowers and cooking pottery.
    And what attracts the attention of the world to the clumpur pottery is not using the pottery wheel in the production of pottery, in such a way that all the pottery is handled with traditional, primitive, and hand-crafted methods.
    The designs and designs of the Kalporang pottery are also quite geometric, and are associated with ancient robes, decorations on pottery with symbolic abstractions that have been inherited from generation to generation and reflect the mysteries and inner aspirations of the artist from the surrounding environment and beliefs. And his beliefs, and often the symbols are similar to prehistoric pottery and the beginning of the historical period.
    The glazes are not used in these pottery, but are used for decoration and painting of the "tithoku" stone. This stone is found in the hill region of the mountain range in the city of Mordran, and its color is usually brown or black, this rock is a kind of manganese rock The color from which it is obtained is brown.
    Interesting things about this pottery can be mentioned in their categories so that these categories, in contrast to today's pottery, break down later than other pottery sections.
    The KalPorgan pottery is often made in the form of a bowl, a jug, a cup, a jug, a pitcher, a glass and a sink, and often the dishes made of it also have a cap that is sometimes used as an independent container.
  • Outlook

    How to make pottery in CalPorg:
    Soils range from 2 to 3 kilometers from the workshop, the Meskhotan clay mine, which was formerly transported to the workshop by cattle or "Cacho" baskets, but today it is removed from the ground by a mechanical excavator and transported by dump to the workshop. .
    To prepare the clay, it first blows it out to remove impurities from the soil and then pours it into a two-piston basin and adds it to water (soil washing) and then thaws the soil into water to suspend particles of water in the water. Come on
    Next, the slurry is transferred from the filter and the tube to the second pond, which differs from the first and to the lower level, and in order to prevent impurities from entering the first pond into the second pond, they usually embed in the tube a few lids until the last particles remaining in the solution Separate.
    The slurry is kept in the second pond for two days to evaporate the water, and then the flowers are grown with some of the same soil before it is ready to work; in the local term, the mixture is called "Hajik" and the color This mixture is usually gray-green to bright green but after baking in the oven it turns into orange.
    Until these stages work out of men, but other steps that require carefulness and elegance are hand-picked by the women of the Kelpporan artist, perhaps one reason women prefer the same traditional method to the pottery wheel is the area of the region that is The comfort is flexible and has plenty of adhesion strength.
    The ingredients of Kalporgan soil are: 70% silicon oxide, 20% oxide, 4% copper + magnesium oxide, potassium oxide and sodium 1-3%, titanium oxide, bivalent iron 2% and volatile 5 Percent.
    The soil is initially grayish-greenish, with a greenish-greenish olive after it soaks.
    The techniques of making pottery in this area are modeled in a few hundred years
    The techniques of making pottery in this area are modeled from the same methods a few thousand years ago, and this is a primitive and very simple method that makes the art of the KalPorgan pottery unique.
    In the area more than two methods are used to make dishes, the Pinch's method for making pottery is in this way using a rotary disk and tray that is in the form of a plate and is known locally as "Bono".
    First, they first put a mass of mud on a bone that is made from pottery and usually placed on a bunch of cloths that do not stick to the flower, creating a cavity with fingers, and then accompany it By rotating the flower on the bone, the cavity created by the fingers of the two hands gradually widens.
    By doing this, the wall of the container is thinner, while using this piece of wood, a maximum length of 20 cm can be used and guide the wall of the container to different directions that are suitable for work, in this way the walls of the container in all its parts are identical. In the local term, these are called "flower mice".
    A pipe or wick method (coil) is the second method in the manufacture of the KalPorgan pottery. In this method, first, put a cloth on a bunch, put the bottom of the container from the flowers and on the cloth and make the form of the container of flowers as tubes After this step, the dishes are exposed to the sun to dry completely
    It may take several days. After drying the pottery it rubs it with a special stone (Saeenok) and polishes the outer surface, and with this action the surface of the pottery is prepared for painting.
    The tattoo is used for decoration and painting, the method is to titho the rock on a large boulder in the middle of which it is a little dense (vanak) and slurry.
    Based on geological information, chemical compounds of the rock, or better, the titanium paint is manganese oxide, silica, and trivalent iron oxide, according to experts, a mixture of 36-39% quartz, 35-36% iron oxide and other oxides, as well as some other impurities Its enormous content makes it black when cooking.
    To paint, first, a small piece of titho rocks on a larger piece of water, some of which is poured on it, and, by the action of the particles, the particles are dissolved well in water, then by a small piece of small wood of the same size as the match basket It is usually made of birch wood. Paintings are made on the pottery.
    All pottery products after the construction are exposed to sunlight for 10 days, to be completely dry, before staining to the furnace, is painted with a titanium paint to cook the dish with the paint at a time.
    "Chalet Mahilouk" and "Gol" are the names of some local roles, these roles are often composed of designs with natural roots and are very simple and abstractly painted. These roles are dots and traditions.
    The roles of flowers, chains, waves, palm trees, etc., have not been written in a way where the pottery has been painted on it, not the roles of other pottery or other local handicrafts, but all the designs come from the imagination of women and girls. It is the place where the chest was transferred to her chest.
    Baking pottery is traditionally done, in the past bake with firewood. Still, a family works in the same way, but in the workshop of the Handicraft Organization two furnaces are made in a hole in the walls of the wall and fuel is furnace, according to one Baloch artist's daughter, 600 glasses are cooked in each furnace. And stays at 950 degrees in the oven for 18 to 22 hours, and it takes 48 hours for the furnace to cool.
    Traditional wood cooking was used in firewood until about 25 years ago, but since 1974, the new furnace was started to be baked in an oil burner furnace, the brick wall of its mortar is a mixture of clay and clay.
    After these stages, the time of the presentation is lost from the Baloch women's arenas, the Baloch women's mental excitement in this area is in the stature (hangman), toothpaste, aphrodisiac, swaddock (spand smoke), kandan, ashtray, plates, glasses and The wicket is spontaneous.
  • More Info

    "Kilpour" is a medicinal plant named after the Balochistan region, and Kalporgan is a village 25 km from Saravan city and 390 km south of Zahedan.
    The work of the majority of the people is agriculture and the art of the hands of the people of this country is in addition to the role of art, such as dates, citrus and greens, but the only distinction that distinguishes Kelporgan from the rest of the regions is the creation of civilization from the hands of the female artist of Balochistan, According to one of the village's elders, the way of making it from about 4 to 6 thousand years ago remains intact, and the only workshop that is still active in the primitive fashion and continues its work is the workshop of the KalPorgan Pottery!
    Throughout history, pottery art belonged to women because men were hunted or farmed and, according to historical evidence, women had been the founders of pottery art, what distinguished Cloporgan's pottery from other places is its unique features, the villagers of this old man of the village "In this country, all fine things are done by women, and men do just things like preparing the pottery and ...".
    The point that distinguishes the pottery from the rest of the country is that women do not use the pottery to make pottery from the pottery, and it is strange how such magnificence can only be achieved by traditional and innovative techniques Fill sealed and cracked women in the village.

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