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Kavir National Park

(10 رای)



Kavir National Park is a protected ecological zone in northern Iran. It has an area of 4000 square kilometers (1500 mile²). The park is located 120 kilometers south of Tehran and 100 kilometers east of Qom, and it sits on the western end of one of Irans two major deserts, the Dasht-e Kavir (Great Salt Desert). Siahkuh (Black Mountain), a large, semi-circular rock outcropping sits in roughly the parks center.This plain/mountainous area has an area of 248957 ha and covers parts of Semnan, Tehran and Qom provience


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  • Kavir National Park
  • Kavir National Park
  • Kavir National Park
  • Kavir National Park
Kavir National Park Kavir National Park Kavir National Park Kavir National Park مشاهده گالری

The park encompasses landscapes of desert and steppes, and is sometimes known as Little Africa for its safari-like wildlife, including native goats (Capra aegagrus), sheep (Ovis orientalis), striped hyenas, wolves, gazelles, the rare Asiatic cheetahs, and the Persian leopards

  • Background information

    this region was designated protected area and biosphere reserve in 1964 and 1976, respectively. The region was being protected and national park during the period of 1976-1982
  • Specific information

    The major oil projects currently being implemented in the park are believed will eventually turn the area into a salt land.
    Namak Lake (Salt Lake) sits immediately outside the park boundaries. This is actually a salt marsh, and water flows into the lake from the north via the Qom River, which also flows through the northern part of Kavir National Park. The Qom is one of the very few permanent rivers through the entire desert expanse in Iran. The Kavir National Park lies in the central province of Semnan and spans an area of 440000 hectares.
  • Outlook

    The vegetation in the region is adapted to drought and salty soils. To retain water and combat grazing by animals some plants grow leaves with thorns, much like thorn trees and bushes found in Africa desert landscapes.
  • Best time

    Best time to visit is November to March
  • Recommendation

    Cultural and historical monuments such as the Qasr-e Bahram caravanserai, Nahr-e Sangi and Sangfarsh are also located there. 359 plant species have been found this area , including 30 endemic, common species include below types.
  • Requirements

    Guide or GPS track, water, food, warm and waterproof clothes and tent, satellite phone, headlamp
  • More Info

    Typically, the area receives around 150 millimeters (6 inches) of rain a year, most of which falls between November and May
    The presence of steppe, wetland, kavir and salt land ecosystems has resulted in diverse vegetation sites and animal habitat. 200 animal and 359 plant species have been identified in the region among them 30 species are endemic. Some plant species are saxaul, tamarisk, bean caper, wormseed, poppy, mallow, camelis throrn, summer cypress, almond, wormwood, cotoneaster, cats tail, sedge, box thorn, willow-leaved, box thorn, Sophora, goatis is wheat and different saltwort. The main animal species of the area are jebeer gazelle, goitred gazelle, wild goat, cheetach, wild sheep, sand cat, caracal, long-eared hedgehog, stone marten, wolf, fox, indian crested porcupine, houbara bustard, chukar partideg, shirike, warbler, golden eagle, kestrel, magpie, different trushs, wryneck, common been eater.
Map Data
Map data ©2016 Google
Map DataMap data ©2016 Google
Map data ©2016 Google

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