Lut Desert has an area of approximately 80,000 square kilometers, of which 30,000 square kilometers are from the central lute hole. The North Lut is shaped like a triangle, with a top of its top ten, the other top of the gunner is the gunpowder and the third of the mountain is Morghab. Maybe the north and central Lutu boundary is considered to be the central axis of Shahdad to Nahshund. The northern Lut northwest begins at about 600 meters in the southern regions and increases to 1000 meters in the northern and western parts. There is not much sand accumulation in this plain, and most of the volcanic sand and volcanic plain is plain. The same situation is true in the northern and central parts of the central Lut. The central lut in the northern area has a height of about 600 meters, which is reduced by moving to the south. The lowest point of Iran's plateau is in the eastern part of the Kalut, with a height of 112 meters above free water level (recorded by Mehrdad Qazvignian).
The hypothesis of the Earth's polar heat in Lutt was initially introduced in 1952 by professor Strathley, professor at Vienna University in Austria. After aerial surveys, he presented the west of Nusrat Abad in Rig Yelan as the warmest point of the earth. In the following years, Theodore Mono confirmed the same location as the Earth's thermal pole. According to NASA's record map, the highest recorded temperature on Earth was recorded at 70.3 ° C in 2003 in the Rig Yilan region of East Lut. This temperature has never been repeated in Lut, but after this year, the Rig Yilan region had the highest temperature each year until the year 2009. Unfortunately, in many articles and websites, the wheat zone is named the warmest point of the earth, which is such a The case is not credible.
The central lute or central lut hole is divided into five sections in terms of apparent structure.
1. In the center, there is a vast plain covered with gravel and volcanic and gypsum cobbles. Some experts believe the region is un lifetime.
2. Salt and gypsum deserts that are sporadically visible in the central part, such as Mohammed's pit in the west of Rig Yalan.
3. Rhizobia desert, which has a temporary vegetation, mainly in the north and south of the Central Lut.
4. The sandy desert, which is known east to the Rig Yelan, and is visible in the west between scattered clusters.
5. Rossi accumulation in the West, which has been found in many ways by erosion and known as Coltot.
The general slope of the Lut from the north to the center and from the east to the west is reduced by about 3%. Spaced heights are found in the central luthe, which is mainly volcanic origin. These heights are dispersed in the northeast of the central hole and west of Rig Yilan, and are mainly in the northern part of the South. Also, there are scattered highlands on the northern and central Lut. From the central highlands of Loot, you can mention Mount Malik Muhammad in the west of Rig Yalan and Mount Simorgh in the north of central Lut. South Lut is limited to Mount Shahsavaran, Red Mountain and Mount Bazman. The annual rainfall is about 200 mm and in the central hole is less than 50 mm. Rainfall is generally late in winter and early spring, and sometimes it can not rain in the course of the year. Due to the high temperature of the air during the year, the amount of evaporation is very high and about 1,000 mm a year when severe winds aggravate it. The relative humidity in the central lutum is about 30% and in summer it is less than 10% and sometimes decreases by about 0%. By studying the temperature of the meteorological stations in the Lut desert, the center of Post Lut, located at the eastern edge of the Colutti, has the highest temperature, and moving around this region, the temperature is reduced to a point where it is cool at about 15 degrees from the center of Lut.
In summer, the 120-day winds of Sistan prevent the temperature from rising in the daytime and lowering it in the night. In this sense, in addition to its destructive role, the wind is a factor in the temperature change in Lut.
Traveling to different areas of Lut, other than the district of Kalut, in the city of Shahdad, lacks safety factors for tourism.
What distinguishes Lut from other desert regions of Iran is its structure and historical background. In Shahdad, Nosrat Abad, or Kesit, if you find a lot, no one has crossed it, and very little information is available. However, in the desert plain of the inhabitants around it, there is a lot of information about the pastures, springs and its passageways. If you ask your travels to Louth to travel to the nomads of the northern area at SPI East Rig Yalang, they only mention the dangers of the trip and they do not have much information on it. Naturally, when an area is so unknown, legends and fictions around it will form. There is no doubt about the fact that there is an unknown cause of losing vegetable poverty, as in other deserts and deserts of Iran, water is also low like lute, but water is not a problem because the camel survives for up to 20 days without water.