Shargol Lagoon is one of the most important wetlands in the West Azarbaijan province, which has become a reservoir dam in the past decade due to the action of the regional water company. For the time being, the 1400 hectares of this 110-hectare wetland have been allocated to hedgehogs and the remainder has remained as wetlands. Unfortunately Due to the construction of the drain on its way and the reduction of inlet water for various reasons, it is dry in most of the year. Due to the reasons, this wetland is located in Montrose wetlands. Therefore, serious measures are needed to restore it. The Salalgor area is approximately 17,000 hectares with an average height of 1290 meters above sea level. Its source of water, seasonal runoff From the surface of the basin, the seasonal flows of the Godard River are through traditional abstraction and groundwater leakage. The Shurgal lagoon is an appropriate habitat for wintering and regeneration of aquatic birds, but in the current situation, this habitat is only suitable for stopping and feeding a few species of aquatic and aquatic birds.
This lagoon has a great ability to absorb migratory birds and chicks, and also has a lot of potential in terms of its attraction to ecotourism. Red gladiolus: This is a species of chicken birds in this wetland that is abundant in spring and summer and is easily visible. Black crayfish: Due to the improvement in the status of the wetland, this species has increased in this wetland and About 900 of them were found in the wetland. Black bacon is a species of rare species in the country, and so far there has been no record of its presence in the spring and summer in the country, and in this wetland It is visible in all seasons and it is likely to have chicks in this wetland. Also, the pond, apart from its benefits for human beings to preserve wildlife, is also a good place to chase waterfowl and waterfowl, especially the oakhead duck, ordinary cherry, tuna, white stork and a number of migratory ducks.
Around the lagoon, covered with herbaceous plants, and in some parts of the wetland, there is a very tidy aquatic plant. The northern slopes of this lagoon are extensive fields of wheat and areas adjacent to the villages also agricultural farms. The herbaceous species of this lagoon are of the yen and jug type.
Recently, the construction of a diversion dam on the wetland in order to exploit its water for agricultural activities is one of the main hazards of this wetland, which changes the depth and physical and chemical characteristics of the wetland water. Also, heavy machinery in the region is very sad for wildlife. One of the main benefits of the lagoon and its preservation for the environment can be to save water and prevent flooding in the region.