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The ancient Zahdan

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The ancient Zahdan is one of the historical attractions of the province of Sistan and Balouchestan; the old Zahedan is the real city of Sistan City and the second Dar al-Hakma of Sistan during the Islamic era, which was destroyed by the Timur Lang attack.

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Zahedan Vahneh, these works are located 27 km east of Zabul, 7 km north of Zahak city in the central part of Zahak, about 9 km north of the city's hill and on the top. British Pennsylvania believes that these ruins belong to the city of Zaranj (Zarnak or Zarang), which was 420 years ago by Timur Lang and due to the devastation of the Sistan dynasties.
In the vicinity of Zahedan and around it, there is a collection of Islamic monuments, one of which is 250 meters north-east of the old Zahedan citadel. From the city of Zahedan, today only the tower and its rainforest and the castle of Timur remain. The city has three parts of the village that includes the citadel of Kohandz, Sharestan and Rabaz, and surrounded by each with a defensive tower and a rectangle.
The oldest pottery made from the area is clay molded pottery, which often includes rocks including geometric designs, flowers and plants dating back to the 5th and 6th centuries. Other parts of the Zahedan pottery are related to the Ilkhan period, and it seems that the city is abandoned forever with the Front and the Timur Division (Shahrukh).

  • Background information

    British Pennsylvania believes that these ruins are related to the city of Zaranj (Zarnak or Zarang), which was created 420 years ago by Timur Lange and due to the devastation of the Sistan dynasties.
    Henry Savage Landover, an archeologist and geographer who traveled to Sistan in 1901, likened the old city of Zahedan to East London.
    The historic city of Zahedan, the ancient city of life and development, was one of the largest cities in Iran, and during the centuries from 4th to 9th centuries of the lunar period it was central to Sistan.
    Zahedan is the old place of the "Sistan city", the second Dar al-Hakma of Sistan in the Islamic era of the 4th to 9th centuries AD. This place has all the characteristics and characteristics of the city of Sistan.
  • Specific information

    What is today the remains of the old Zahedan include the tower of the city and the castle of Timur. In general, the city has like 3 other prehistoric cities and cities of Central Asia. It has 3 fencing areas, indicating the location of the city architecture. The main part of the city is the Citadel (Kohandeh), after which Sharestan (city) and then Rabat-e-Shahr City are surrounded by each one with a defensive tower. The city's fence is partially vertical and rectangular.
    Due to the materials used in buildings, which are all raw clay, along with mud mold and gypsum plaster, in some cases cube bricks are used in bricks, and it seems that many of the buildings of the city of Zahedan are made with bricks In such a way that bricks measuring from 5 to 14 by 27 and 5 by 27 by 27 cm are abundantly dispersed in the southern part of the city. Unfortunately, in recent centuries, the people of the area disassociated many of them with the destruction of ancient buildings to build the souls of their dead They have been transferred there. In the area of the old Zahedan and its surroundings, there is a collection of Islamic times, one of which is located 250 meters north-east of the old Zahedan citadel.
    The old Zahedan site can in fact be the last remnants of the city of Zaranj in the historical period, which, after the onslaught of Timur Lang, and the destruction of the other Sistan tribes, remains a living city of historical texts. Studies carried out on the ancient sites of Sistan showed that the sedimentary lands beside them have the ability to cultivate and planted and irrigated. With the disappearance of this situation, the settlements in these towns and settlements also completely disappeared and Has caused them to be abandoned. What is certain is the old city of Zahedan by Timor Lange and after the ruins of the gangways and dams on the rivers have been destroyed.
    Forty four old or forty four holy zeal are seen that, according to the traditions, these men of God are beheaded by Timor Lam. In the northwest direction of the old Zahedan and along the same edge of the terraces of a long loft that the old Islamic city of Zahedan has built on it, the works of an old drainage are seen, and a significant amount of pottery of the glazed pottery of the Islamic era of Zahedan at the levels Its various is scattered. Mill Qasim Abad is located along this road. The minaret had a height of 70 ft (approximately 21 meters) at the time of the ash visit. The building was built with bricks 35 in 20 in 5 centimeters and its base diameter was about 18 meters.
    The minaret has 2 insignia of outstanding bricks. About this completely destroyed minaret, Tate wrote, in the lower part of the inscription titled Tajeddin Abolfazl Nasr, and in the top part of my granddaughter was Tajeddin Harb. The great Taj al-Din is unlikely to complete the inscription and died before it.
  • More Info

    According to the existing traditions of those days, every Sistani girl who is present, malicious, disobedient, betrayed and bad guy is likened to the girl of Zahedan, for example, they say: "Pliny remains like a girl in Zahedan city".
    Zahedan has been the oldest in Sistan and Baloochestan slaughterhouse during its life. According to numerous studies, several buildings of brick and mortar on which the effect of colored plaster is also known, and the most interesting points in the style of architecture of Zahedan houses The old ones are two of them.
    Due to the fact that the three lakes of Sistan and Balouchestan have high water content and strong vegetation, the wind flow through these lakes and by preventing dust, a cool breeze from the northwest to the residential areas and from the south East is out.
    The city of Zahedan, which had 400,000 years of life and prosperity, was built a thousand years ago and was inhabited up to 600 years ago

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