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The world of Takht Soleiman Takab

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Takht-e-Soleiman (or Azargushsnab fire temple) is the name of a great historical site located 45 kilometers northeast of Takab in West Azarbaijan province; Tukht-e Solaiman was the largest educational, religious, social and religious center of Iran before Islam. It is now listed on the UNESCO World Heritage List.


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The ancient Takht-e-Soleiman complex is located 42 km northeast of Takab city in the West Azarbaijan province.
Soleiman Takhtan is an ancient area consisting of Sassanid palaces and Azargushsnab fire temple. Near them are two other ancient collections called Soleiman Prison and Balkh Takht. Around the Solomon's prison, works of the Medes and Sikhs were derived and, based on these findings, attributed the history of the area to the thousand years BC. Some historians have considered this place as the birthplace of Zoroaster.
The ancient works of this complex and its boiling lake are located on a natural stone plate, created from lake water deposits.
It dates back to 3,000 years ago in the human settlements, and is one of the most important historical works of the country that has been registered as the fourth Iranian work in the UNESCO World Heritage List.

  • Background information

    The walls and fence are outside the Sassanid era, and during the Ilkhani period some parts of the area collapsed, a new gate was built near the southern gate of the Sassanid cemetery.
    This historic site was used during the times of the Ilkhans and during the reign of the Aga Khan in the seventh century AH as a summer resort.
    This mogul ruler, with the construction of various buildings, such as the Shrine Hall, the eastern porch and the 8th and 12th buildings, once again opened a new life to the historic complex of Solomon Takhtab.
    Abu Doodul writes in the year 341 AH of the Zoroastrian fire in this region, and it is amazing that this fire, which its center burned 700 years ago, has no ash. He writes on top of the dome of this crescent fire that is mounted on silver, which is a spell and can not be destroyed. Both Gamawi and Qazvini have quoted such phrases. Spiegel writes: After Heraclius had arrived at the temple of Shiz, a picture of He saw Khosrow Parviz, who was a demonstration of the sky with the sun, the moon, stars and goddesses, and with the help of mechanical devices heaven could swing. Qazvini says: "Another shot was to fire the fire from the fire.
  • Specific information

    The natural part of the Solomon Thistle complex consists of a calcareous mountain that has a very large spring (with a lake about 100 meters in diameter).
    The ancient Takht-i-Suleiman complex before Islam was considered to be the largest educational, religious, social, and religious center of Iran, but in 624 AD, the Roman emperor was destroyed in Heraclius.
    The use of tiled stones and large bricks in the construction of this monument and the presence of a strange and always boiling lake at a depth of 112 meters in the middle of this complex has a beautiful and special effect on this historic site.
    The water temperature of the lake is the same in summer and winter, about 21 degrees, which proves that its water is undergoing extensive underground journeys.
    Also, the remains of an Anahita temple are seen in the Sassanid ruins of Solomon's tomb. Of course, the religious reputation of this place is related to its fire.
  • Outlook

    Inside the oval fence there are two centered squares of the same axis that are located in the center of the south square of the lake and in the center of the northern square of the fire temple, and round the square is a rectangular fence approximately 250 meters in width and width Approximately 150 meters in diameter and surrounds 60 rounded towers
    At the northwest of the lake and at a larger square, Avon Rafi is known as Ivan Khosrow, the porch made of red brick and sandstone masonry.
    The porch leads to two rooms or a seven-hole dock that relates to the Ilkhanah period. Outside the Solomon's bed in the southwest, there is a rocky stream 300 meters long and 4 meters high. This rocky cliff is called a rocky dragon by local people.
  • More Info

    Takht-e Suleiman was destroyed during the Roman Emperor's invasion in 624 AD. Aba Ghakhan, the nephew of Halak Khan, who converted to the Islamic religion, built a mosque on the ruins of the Solomon's bed, which was later destroyed and only tiles with striking motifs and striking lines remained.
    In ancient times, this ancient city was inhabited by relatives such as the Medes, Achaemenids, Parthians, Sasanians and Mughals, and in each of the above periods, this place was at the peak of its power and civilization. Now, this city is not visible in Azerbaijan, it is blowing on one head, with the same soil.
    Takht Soleiman Takab was registered in 1316 by the Ministry of Culture and Arts at No. 318 in the National Iranian Book List.

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