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Urmia Lakes

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Urmia Lake is the largest lake in Iran, which in addition to the lake's space is in fact a national park and biodiversity in the northwest of Iran.


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  • Address : West Azarbaijan Province - Urmia - Lake Urmia

Lake Urmia is located between two provinces of West Azarbaijan and East Azarbaijan. The total area of the lake was about 6,000 square kilometers in the summer of 2015, which was in line with the 25th largest lake in the world in terms of area.
Lake Urmia is the largest lake in Iran and the second largest lake in the world. The water of this lake is very salty and is fed more often than the rivers of Zarrinehrood, Siminhrood, Taleh Rood, Gaud, Barandoz, Shahr-Chay, Nazlou and Zola.

  • Background information

    In the 1930s, during the reign of Reza Shah, the lake was named after Lake Rezaih in honor of him. After the Islamic Revolution of Iran in 1979, the name of the lake was returned to its former name, Lake Urmia.
    Lake Urmia was registered in 1972 in the national park list of Iran. Lake Urmia National Park is one of the natural habitats of animals in Iran. The national park with an area of 46,2600 hectares is also one of nine biosphere reserves in Iran.
    The Urmia Lake began to dry in the mid-1380s and is now in full danger of drying. Surveying satellite imagery shows that in 2015, the lake lost 88 percent of its area (previous reports only noted the loss of 25 to 50 percent of the lake area). There are many reasons for drying the lake, including drought, highway construction on the lake, and excessive use of water resources in the catchment area of the lake.
    Nature: Lake Urmia. 212 species of birds, 41 species of reptiles, 7 species of amphibians, and 27 species of mammals, including Iranian deer. This biomass is internationally registered by UNESCO as a protected area. The lake is home to more than 100 small island horses, including flamingos, pylons, capers, acres, lychees, duck pussies, nymphs, woodpeckers, and Nowruz chickens.
    Because of the excessive salinity of the lake, no fish live in this lake. However, the Lake Urmia is one of the most important habitats of Artemia. This hard skin is one of the main sources of feeding migratory birds such as flamingos.
  • Outlook

    Lake Urumia has 102 small and large islands, among which several islands are more important. In the last few years, with the fall of the lake, new islands have emerged that have not yet been named and several islands are connected to the land. Below 102 is the name of the island:
    Fire, Azar, Azin, Aram, Ardeshir, Aziz, Aram, Ardeshir, Arzav, Arash, Spear, Spear, Spiro, Tears, Schuser, Eshko, Omid, Irannejad, Bard, Bardak, Bardin, Berez, Berzou, Bazin, Bourist, Bin, Binashak, Bahram, Shelter, hide, guardian, flat, beds, throne, single, tent, trance, birch, beam, jojada, juzar, jowin, chaktepe, fountain, khorask, di, zagreb, zortep, zarkaman, zarankak, ziaat, samani, sepid, Sarkh, Soroush, Sarajeh, Sangan, Sanghu, Sarkhan, Sangan, Sangjoo, Siavash, Shahi (Islamic), Shahin, Shabdiiz, Shamshiran, Shortepa, Shshestph, Kazemdashi, Kakaye, Kakaye, Kakay, Kam, Kameh, Kaveh, Kabudan, Vulture, Krahwah Mezan, Mehrdad, Mehvar, Mehran, Mehrdad, Mahwar, Meyaneh Square, Navid, Navid, Nahid, Navi, Navian, Cachan Did not catch

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