Explosive salts have spread throughout the salt lake and the bayabank to the north of the desert plain. The existence of these forms of salt has made it very difficult to cross the salt field, so there is not much information about the central areas.
This area is generally without vegetation. Even halophyte and salty plants can not grow in this salt field. Also, due to the lack of vegetation, the lack of fresh water sources in the range of this salt is an animal-free region. Of course, on the sidelines of this region, there may be animal life that is more transient and there is no wildlife living in the area.
This salt field extends from the coordinates of 50 km to the north and 150 km to the northeast to the limits of the Turan National Park, and it forms the largest area of Iranian cultivation.
The cause of the formation of sharp and explosive forms of black salt known in the native dialect to the desert floor is as follows:
Infrared rays The heat that we feel from the sun or from a warm environment is the infrared radiation, or, in other words, thermal energy. The white salt found on the surface of the earth passes through the sun's infrared rays in the desert areas. The best level for absorbing these black beige rays is the underlying layers. These sludges are heated and expanded by absorbing this radiation. This expansion causes pressure on the surface layers which eventually breaks down these layers and releases black sludge from the lower layers of the earth to the surface of the desert. In fact, the black and white saltiness is formed after drying in the desert due to the collision of rain drops with the wind blowing material. Blended with bluish clouds, the black smoke turns somewhat dark and opaque to these plates sharply and wins. Black salt is probably the oldest salt in the central Iranian desert. But their true age is not clear