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Iran Provinces (2015/10/08)
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Iran is subdivided into thirty one provinces, each governed from a local center, usually the largest local city, which is called the capital of that province. The provincial authority is headed by a Governor-General, who is appointed by the Minister of the Interior subject to approval of the cabinet.

Modern history

According to Encyclopædia Britannica, in 1908 there were thirty five administrative divisions in Persia, as follows:

Provinces: 1. Arabistan and Bakhtiari, 2. Astarabad and Gurgan, 3. Azerbaijan, 4. Fars, 5. Gerrus, 6. Gilan and Talish, 7. Hamadan, 8. Irak, 9. Isfahan, 10. Kashan, 11.Kazvin, 12. Kerman and Baluchistan, 13. Kermanshah, 14. Kamseh, 15. Khar, 16. Khorasan, 17. Kum, 18. Kurdistan, 19. Luristan and Burujird, 20. Mazandaran, 21. Nehavend, Malayir and Kamereh, 22. Savah, 23. Samnan and Damghan, 24. Shahrud and Bostam, 25. Teheran, 26. Zerend and Bagdadi Shahsevens.

Until 1950, Iran was divided into twelve provinces: Ardalan, Azerbaijan, Baluchestan, Fars, Gilan, Araq-e Ajam, Khorasan, Khuzestan, Kerman, Larestan, Lorestan, and Mazandaran.

In 1950, Iran was reorganized to form ten numbered provinces with subordinate governorates: Gilan; Mazandaran; East Azerbaijan; West Azerbaijan; Kermanshah; Khuzestan; Fars; Kerman; Khorasan; Isfahan.

From 1960 to 1981 the governorates were raised to provincial status one by one. Since then several new provinces have been created, most recently in 2004 when the province of Khorasan was split into three new provinces as well as splitting of the new Alborz Province from Teheran province in 2010.

 

Province

Capital

Area

Population

Density (Population/km2)

Alborz

Karaj

5,833 km2(2,252 sq mi)

2,412,513

413.6 inhabitants/km2(1,071 /sq mi)

Ardabil

Ardabil

17,800 km2(6,900 sq mi)

1,248,488

70.1 inhabitants/km2 (182 /sq mi)

Azerbaijan, East

Tabriz

45,650 km2(17,630 sq mi)

3,724,620

82.3 inhabitants/km2 (213 /sq mi)

Azerbaijan, West

Urmia

37,437 km2(14,455 sq mi)

3,080,576

78.8 inhabitants/km2 (204 /sq mi)

Bushehr

Bushehr

22,743 km2(8,781 sq mi)

1,032,949

45.4 inhabitants/km2 (118 /sq mi)

Chahar Mahaal and Bakhtiari

Shahrekord

16,332 km2(6,306 sq mi)

895,263

54.8 inhabitants/km2 (142 /sq mi)

Fars

Shiraz

122,608 km2(47,339 sq mi)

4,596,658

37.5 inhabitants/km2 (97 /sq mi)

Gilan

Rasht

14,042 km2(5,422 sq mi)

2,480,874

176.7 inhabitants/km2 (458 /sq mi)

Golestan

Gorgan

20,195 km2(7,797 sq mi)

1,777,014

88.0 inhabitants/km2 (228 /sq mi)

Hamadan

Hamadan

19,368 km2(7,478 sq mi)

1,758,268

90.8 inhabitants/km2 (235 /sq mi)

Hormozgān

Bandar Abbas

70,669 km2(27,285 sq mi)

1,578,183

22.3 inhabitants/km2 (58 /sq mi)

Ilam

Ilam

20,133 km2(7,773 sq mi)

557,599

27.7 inhabitants/km2 (72 /sq mi)

Isfahan

Isfahan

107,029 km2(41,324 sq mi)

4,879,312

45.6 inhabitants/km2 (118 /sq mi)

Kerman

Kerman

180,836 km2(69,821 sq mi)

2,938,988

16.3 inhabitants/km2 (42 /sq mi)

Kermanshah

Kermanshah

24,998 km2(9,652 sq mi)

1,945,227

77.8 inhabitants/km2 (202 /sq mi)

Khorasan, North

Bojnourd

28,434 km2(10,978 sq mi)

867,727

30.5 inhabitants/km2 (79 /sq mi)

Khorasan, Razavi

Mashhad

144,681 km2(55,862 sq mi)

5,994,402

41.4 inhabitants/km2 (107 /sq mi)

Khorasan, South

Birjand

69,555 km2(26,855 sq mi)

662,534

9.5 inhabitants/km2 (25 /sq mi)

Khuzestan

Ahvaz

64,055 km2(24,732 sq mi)

4,345,607

67.8 inhabitants/km2 (176 /sq mi)

Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad

Yasuj

15,504 km2(5,986 sq mi)

658,629

42.5 inhabitants/km2 (110 /sq mi)

Kurdistan

Sanandaj

29,137 km2(11,250 sq mi)

1,493,645

51.3 inhabitants/km2 (133 /sq mi)

Lorestan

Khorramabad

28,294 km2(10,924 sq mi)

1,754,243

62.0 inhabitants/km2 (161 /sq mi)

Markazi

Arak

29,130 km2(11,250 sq mi)

1,413,959

48.5 inhabitants/km2 (126 /sq mi)

Mazandaran

Sari

23,701 km2(9,151 sq mi)

3,073,943

129.7 inhabitants/km2 (336 /sq mi)

Qazvin

Qazvin

15,549 km2(6,004 sq mi)

1,201,565

77.3 inhabitants/km2 (200 /sq mi)

Qom

Qom

11,526 km2(4,450 sq mi)

1,151,672

99.9 inhabitants/km2 (259 /sq mi)

Semnan

Semnan

97,491 km2(37,641 sq mi)

631,218

6.5 inhabitants/km2 (17 /sq mi)

Sistan and Baluchestan

Zahedan

181,785 km2(70,188 sq mi)

2,534,327

13.9 inhabitants/km2 (36 /sq mi)

Tehran

Tehran

18,814 km2(7,264 sq mi)

12,183,391

647.6 inhabitants/km2 (1,677 /sq mi)

Yazd

Yazd

129,285 km2(49,917 sq mi)

1,074,428

8.3 inhabitants/km2 (21 /sq mi)

Zanjan

Zanjan

21,773 km2(8,407 sq mi)

1,015,734

46.6 inhabitants/km2 (121 /sq mi)

Iran (Total)

Tehran

1,628,554 km2(628,788 sq mi)

75,149,669

46.1 inhabitants/km2 (119 /sq mi)