Khajeh Hamoon Mountain

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Mount Khajeh, also called Mount Oshida or Mount Rostam, is one of the most important works of the Parthian, Sasanian-Islamic period, about 30 km southwest of Zabul and the middle of the Hamoon Lake. Khajeh Hamoun Mountain is the only natural disaster in the Sistan Plain, located 30 km southwest of Zabol.

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This is the only natural disaster in the Sistan region, with historical monuments such as palaces, fire temples, Khwaja Mehdi shrines and cemeteries of different times.
Due to the sacredness of this mountain to the ancient Persians, except in a few cases, the builders and architects have never sought to remove the stone and use the materials of this mountain in their structures and have used clay since their abundance of stone. .
There are works of the Parthian, Sasanian, and Islamic periods on this mountain. Works such as the old fortress, the fortress of Kek-e-Ja'zad, the castle of Chehel girls, the ancient ways, various fences, stone graves, several Islamic pilgrims, the Middle Islamic cemetery, and the tomb of Khajeh Mehdi (Khajeh Golatan).
Khajeh Mountain has enjoyed great significance and sacredness among the ancient triad religions including Islam, parochialism and Zoroastrianism (Ancient Iran).
The most important works of the historical period in the Khajeh Mountains include the old fort, the flea of Kohzad and the castle of the infidels, which originated from the great Sasanian and Parthian civilization.

  • Background information

    This mountain has taken its name from the tomb of Khwaja Mehdi, one of the lovers of the Aloi family, whose cemetery is located above this mountain.
    The Khajeh Mount Collection was first identified and discovered in 1916 by the famous English archaeologist Orlestine. After that, Professor Herzfeld, from 1925 to 1929, searched the works of Mount Khajeh, and the archaeologists discovered in the book Sectan, Iran, East of the Ancient, and Archaeological History of Iran.
    In the archaeological surveys of Khajeh Sistan Mountains, for the first time, seven newly discovered stone piers were discovered. By identifying these sites, Mount Khajeh is the sixth place in Iran, with works of this period. The earliest works identified in the Khawaja Mountain have been related to the Achaemenid periodic elements. Also in this survey, a cave has also been identified.
    In the year 1370, the cultural heritage also investigated and mapped the works of the Khajeh Mountains. After various excavations, 11 works were discovered from different times.
  • Specific information

    Another important historical monument in the Khajeh Mountain is the Palace of the Sassanid era, where the exquisite architectural features can be seen. The palace consists of a mansion in front of which there is a yard with stunning, beautiful landscapes that stares at the eyes of every visitor.
    Also in the southern part of this hill is a mosque related to the pre-Islamic periods. The temple, called the castle of forty gables, is believed to be the equivalent of castles.
    Other ancient monuments related to the post-Islamic periods can be found in the tomb of Khwaja Mahdi ibn Muhammad bin Khalifa, which is located next to the shrines of Kwaja Qalan and the old wheat barium, and other ancient monuments on the hill belong to the people of the Scythians. Khajeh Mountain is less similar in the Sassanid period in other parts of the country, and only the fire temple of Takht-e Solomon is comparable in some respects with the Sasanian period, Mount Khajeh, especially its fire temple.
    Mount Khajeh is the largest brick architecture of the Parthian period in the Sistan region, and is one of the most important works of the Parthian, Sassanid-Islamic period.
  • Outlook

    This is a pewter-shaped mountain of black-earth basalt rocks and forms a small island in the middle of Lake Hamoe with an approximate height of 609 meters above sea level. This mountain is named from the tomb of Khwaja Mehdi, one of the lovers of the Alawite family, whose cemetery is located above this mountain, and Khajeh Golatan, Mount Nour, Mount Mu'awood and Mount Bethany are among its other names.
    On this mountain you can see the works of ancient monuments related to different historical periods. One of the most prominent historical buildings of this place is the old fire which dates back to the first century AD. The fire temple has a central hall in the middle and corridors around it, which ultimately ends in its main entrance in front and is made in accordance with the style of the barracks of that period.
    There are also ruins around it, which is related to the Ashkan and Sasanian periods. Khaje Mountain is a huge castle and unique fortress of the Parthian and Sasanian period. This great work is known as Persepolis Khesht and Flowers, and is the only example of the remains of the remaining Ashkan cities in Iran.
  • More Info

    Tzyynhay architecture used in some castles that are built like Greek style, the columns style Doric with screws petition, Tzyynhay such as small flower double for lotus (Lotus), the Achaemenid art adapted and some They are similar to Mesopotamian art.
    Hearth, prayer room, Rvaqhayy with wall paintings beautiful and the gallery was named because of the large number of murals portraits of kings, elders and religious stories with box and frame around which all parts of the room, and even up to the It is one of the most important works discovered on Mount Khajeh in Sistan.

    In the excavations carried out in the mountains and the fortresses in it, the walls of 40 meters high, built with clay and more than a thousand years old, have also been discovered.
    Not so long ago, Lake Hamoon was full of water, and the mountain of Khaje was far from the waters of the lake, like the islands. At that time, the mountains of Khaje and the castle of Ashkani were calm down on the heap of the fortunate. Fortunately, because humankind could not have access to it, everyone from around the world paid a visit to this holy mountain. But over time, with the continuation of drought and drought on Lake Hamoon, this important building was on the brink of destruction.

    Khajeh Mountain was registered in 1345 by the Ministry of Culture and Arts No. 540 in the National Iranian Book List.

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