Nane Maryam Church of Urumieh

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The Nane Maryam or Maryam's Church, also known as the Church of Mart Maryam or the Church of the East of Ashoor, is one of the oldest churches in Iran and the world located on the Khayyam street of Urmia. The historians of Urmia's Nane Maryam Church are considered the second largest church in the world after the Church of Beyte lahem in Palestine.


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The Church of Nane Maryam of Urmia, now called the Church of the East of the Ashoor, is located on the Qods Street of Urmia, and is one of the most unusual and historic works of the Assyrian Uromiyah.
In the past centuries burial grounds were carried out in this place. The Nane Maryam Church of Orumiyeh was restored during the centuries.
The current view of the Naṇe Maryam Church of Urmia belongs to the Sassanid period, with its very interesting vault and a very beautiful mirroring, comparable to the Sasanian fire temple architecture. According to the Assyrian and Christian writers, this building was previously a fire temple and one of the most famous temples of the Zoroastrians was this countryside.

  • Background information

    The Church of Nane Maryam is the first Eastern Church in the Middle East, the second largest church in the world after the Church of Bethlehem in Palestine. It dates back to 32 AD and is considered to be the oldest church in the world. It has been the site of burial in the past centuries. According to the accounts of the Assyrian and Christian writers, the building was previously a fire temple and one of the most famous Zartoshtian temples.
    At the birth of Christ, the Zartoshtian priests residing in the temple see brilliant stars moving eastward, marking it as a sign of the birth of a promised savior and sent to Jerusalem.
  • Specific information

    Nane Maryam Church has neither a bench nor a place for confession or preaching of the pastor, at the entrance to the expansive facade. On the left and right side of the corridor of the Church of Mary Magdalene there are two openings with a gravestone written in the place where the clergy were buried. The current grave in the atrium belongs to three leaders of the Church of the Oriental Assyrian and one of the missionaries of the Orthodox Church of Russia. On the right side of the altar there are narrow and narrow corridors that were placed on the right wall of this oven and used for bake sacred bread. Next to this tenor there are stone ponds inside the wall for children's baptism.
    Nane Maryam's Church has been restored many times and has found heterogeneous forms. In 642, the church was restored by the Chinese princess Bafferi, and its exterior has been modified and rebuilt many times. The roof of the church is currently covered with gable roofs, which is not proportional to the original architecture. This church does not have any special decoration, painting and gilding, because of the particular beliefs of the Assyrians that apply to all of their churches, they refrain from any kind of arrangement or decoration in the churches.
  • Outlook

    The current building of the Maryam Church, especially the domes and vaults, according to archaeological experts from the Sassanid era, and its internal architecture is a mix of Sassanid and Persian architecture. The interior design of both parlors is simple and covered with plastered lining It is painted and covered with arches and cradles, half-ellipse, which is reminiscent of ancient architecture, and is located on the back of the church building and is surrounded by a small space consisting of a room and a crypt below it. Which is considered to be the church's house.
    The Nane Maryam Church is arranged with carpets and only a small bench for the elderly at the end of the hall. The altar of the church is a dome-shaped chamber in which only the priests have the right to enter it, on the small steps and the front of the sanctuary of the image of Christ In different ways and in different ways. From the painting and the embroidered Koblen, Christ is drawn to the cross, to the decoration of the incarnation of Christ and Christ in the arms of Mary and the candles on which the face of Christ is molded.

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