The museum coordinates a peace education program that holds workshops on humanitarian law, disarmament, tolerance, and peace education. At the same time, it hosts conferences on the culture of peace, reconciliation, international humanitarian law, disarmament, and peace advocacy.
Its founding began with a conversation between the founders of the Tehran-based Society for Chemical Weapons Victims Support (SCWVS) and a coordinator for the International Peace Museums Network. This, as well as a visit to Hiroshima, Japan by members of SCWVS, fed into the desire for a museum in Tehran.
It was in Hiroshima where the suffering from atomic arms was able to convert most powerfully into a drive for peace manifested via a peace museum. This ability to use the intense suffering of war to highlight the need for peace made the Tehran Peace Museum`s founders realize Iran`s parallel suffering from chemical arms and the need for a parallel drive for peace.
Permanent and rotating peace-related art exhibitions, displaying the work of amateur international and Iranian artists and children`s drawings, are also housed in the museum complex. Finally, the Iranian secretariat for the international organization Mayors for Peace is housed in the Tehran Peace Museum.
On June 29, 2011, concurrent with the anniversary of the gas attack on the city of Sardasht in 1987 and the Day of Campaign against Chemical Weapons, the new building of the Tehran Peace Museum was officially opened for public. During the ceremony, a number of guests from different countries, including the director of Hiroshima peace museum, a delegation representing the survivors of Hiroshima atomic bombing, survivors of chemical weapons attack from Halabja - Northern Iraq - as well many Iranian activists and war veterans attended.