Tiphasanlu Naghdeh

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: Hassanlou Hill, located 7 km from Naghdeh, is one of the ancient hills of Iran dating back to more than 6,000 years BC. The most famous ancient work found on the Hasanlu hill of Naghdeh is the Hasanlu golden cup belonging to the Iron Age and held at the Museum of Ancient Iran.


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Hassanlou's ancient hill is located 12 km southwest of Urumieh Lake and 9 km northeast of Naghadeh between the villages of Aminlu and Hasanlu.
Hasanlu Naghta hill is named after the name of the neighboring village of Hasanlu. There are many ancient hills around the hills of Hasanlu, and it seems that during the reign of Hasanlu and its great civilization, other civilizations have come into contact with this hill, as well as Hasanlu's period of civilization. It can be said around the Hasanlu hill that approximately 14 ancient hills have been identified that indicate the prosperity, good weather and cultural growth of ancient humans in the area.

  • Background information

    Hasanlu is a large and circular hill with an approximate diameter of 285 to 250 meters and a height of 20 meters from the level of the Godard River. This hill is located between the two villages of Aminlu and Hasanlu on the west and east. The early inhabitants of Hassanlou Hill are probably the people of Manai, who have been renowned for their extensive and brilliant civilization. From the artifacts found on this hill, it seems that their bronze works are quite comparable to the works of the Lorestan bronze works, the Kashi people, and maybe a kinship exists between the two people.
    The source of the land and their habitat, which is the southern lands of Lake Rezaieh, has been mentioned in the Torah. The people of Menai are also called "Man" people. Pepe Hassanlou was first searched by an Iranian delegation in 1313, and in 1315 an English scientist, Sir Orlestin, was hit by several bumps and some objects were obtained.
  • Specific information

    Based on archaeological data, Hassanlu Naghda hill is inhabited in 10 periods, and the thickness of the layers of each period is known to be the sixth to the third millennium BC, the tenth period that is the oldest period of residence of Hasanlou. The elementary rock period begins and continues until the ancient period, the Medes, and the Islamic period. The fort was surrounded by a wall with a diameter of three meters and a height of seven meters. Throughout this wall, square towers were spaced 30 meters from each other and dimensioned 10 The meter was made at 10 and the height of the towers is not known correctly. Including every 30 meters one over C. Approximately the location of seven towers on the defensive wall of the castle is illuminated and the way of placing the towers among the walls is such that three meters of the length of the tower inside the wall and five meters outside the wall and two meters on the other side of the wall (inside the castle) The towers were used to protect the fortress.
    On the entrance to the courtyard is a collection of buildings such as a large hall or temple and a number of connected and connected rooms, and among them the temple is more significant than other buildings. This temple has wooden ceilings and columns and more than 30 meters Long and more than five meters wide. In Hasanlu's castle, rooms were also allocated to warehouses, kitchens and gunshots. From an unarmed weapons gun or weapons storage facility, there were plenty of sword and three iron joints discovered in Around the west of the courtyard, there are about 15 large and small rooms, and Zarrin Hasanlu Cup in one.
    Around the west of the yard there are about 15 large and small rooms and the Zarrin Hasanlu Cup was discovered in one of the rooms of this area. It was discovered in April 1337 by the Joint Board of Iran and the United States from the Hasanlou Hill. This cup was in the hug of a human being who had fallen on the ground and had sunk down on his back. The designs of this cup are diverse and have plenty of artistic value. The creator of this artifact is probably inspired by two sweet Old Persian fables. One is the story of the Great Plain of the Plain, which rides on the riders and companions to the enemy's war to punish the perpetrators. Another is the story of the victory of Fereydoun Proadadi on Zohak Mardow that King Fereydoun succeeds with Kaveh Ahangar, who succeeded Zahak and brought his sisters out of his captivity.
  • Outlook

    In the center of Hasanlu's castle, an irregular polygonal courtyard is built. Around the courtyard are rounded columns, long vaults and large rooms. At the bottom of the courtyard is the altar, and at the north end there are several stone slabs up to three meters high without any signs.
    Southeast: In the southeast of the central courtyard, a large courtyard with a few storerooms has come out from below. A large number of garbage cans were found on this forum. In the north of this warehouse is the oldest and the first column of columns with a length of six and a width of four meters and its entrance is from the warehouse. In the center of this hall are two rows of four columns and the distance between the columns is five meters. There are stone pillars beside the walls. The altar or main site of the temple is located in the south of the hall. In the north, this small and large rooms has been built. There are two horses in the skeleton hall.
    Southern buildings: A building unit has been built in the south of the central courtyard, including several rooms and halls. The second temple, which consists of a pillar tower, forms part of the building. A distance of 3.5 meters from the entrance to the north side of the hall, the platform is 2 × 3 meters. The platform may have been used to carry out some religious ceremonies such as dividing the victim or putting the fires on. In the middle of the southern side of the hall, a place is made up of a sanctuary, which leads to the small room behind the temple. Inside the local temple was intended to illuminate the sacred fire, and in the southwest there is a rectangular temple.
    Western buildings: At the southwestern corner of the central courtyard is the third temple or the third column hall. This building unit is located east of the central courtyard, west to the western wall of the castle (Hasanlu tower), from the south to the narrow corridor and from the north to the way past the passages of Hasanlu Fort and reach the western gate of Hasanlu. Gets This gate is the only way to enter the fortress of Hasanlu from the west. The Southwest Construction Facility, the pillar hall of which is the newest hall of Hasanlu's column, was built in the northwest of the second temple (building block of the south of the central courtyard). This unit opens from the southwest corner of the central courtyard of Dori towards the columnary hall. The pillar hall is 15 x 60 x 15 m in size and approximately square in shape. The styles of its pillars are similar to those of the southern central courtyard. Two rows of four columns, in addition to the two pillars of the pillars next to the wall, kept the roof. The method of constructing this hall by removing the pillars of the walls adjacent to the Achaemenid period, especially columns of palaces of Persepolis.
    Northern buildings: In the north of the central courtyard, another structure has been erected and includes a continuous collection. Based on the artifacts, this section was dedicated to the residence of the rulers of Hasanlu. In this section, the column has a column that looks like a western column hall and looks like the Achaemenid architecture, except that the number of columns in the main room of this section is less. In Hasanlu castle, other units have been scattered apart from the central courtyard
  • More Info

    The existence of other ancient hills suggests that the tribes living in Hasanlu with a tribe living in the hills surrounding it are dark and have a deal with each other. The hills around Hasanlu are as follows: An ancient Psalidi hill in the northeast of Hasanlu (located in Sheikh Ahmad's village). Rainforest hill in the south of Hasanlu (located in the Ajam Rainy Village). Haj Firouz hill in the south of Hasanlu (located in Haj Firooz village) West of Hasanlu (located in Tabiyeh village) Scorpio hill in the Maghreb Hassanlu (located in the village of Bala) Quay hill in the northwest of Hasanlu (located in the village of Quic) Deleni Hills in the northwest of Hasanlu (located in the village of Pelnyi arkhi = Begodium) In the Maghreb Hasanlu (located in the village of Qalat), the ancient hill of Mirava = Mirabad in the Maghrib Hasanlu (located in the village of Mirabad), another ancient hill called Akhati hills in the south of Hasanlou (located in the village of Saghki Tepeh), Nezam Abad hill in the southeast of Hasanlu (located in the village of Nizab Abad), a hill filled with southeastern Hasanlu (located in a village filled with water), Mohshahha Hill in Mashreq Hasanlou Village (located in the village of Mohammad Shah) The hill in the east of Hasanlu (located in the village of Gorkh). All these hills are located at different distances from each other and at a radial distance of 2 km to 15 km from Hasanlu hill.

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