Turan Wildlife Refuge

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Turan Conservation Complex is located south of Shahrood city and 28 km southeast of Biarjamand with an area of ​​one million four hundred and twenty thousand hectares. This collection includes Turan Wildlife Refuge, Turan National Park and Turan Protected Area.

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  • Address : Shahrood_Damdgan Road - South East of the City of Biarjamand - Turan Wildlife Refuge

Turan Wildlife Refuge has vast plains and relatively high mountainous areas, some of which are about two thousand meters high, as well as salt dams near the salt desert with altitudes more than 600 meters above sea level. In Turan, 41 species of mammal, 167 bird species, 42 species of reptiles and 2 species of amphibians have been identified, The most notable are the Asian cheetahs and Iranian zebra.

  • Background information

    The area was designated as a protected area under the management of the environmental organization in 1351 and in 1355 part of it was selected as a wildlife refuge. In the same year Turan Collection received UNESCO as the biosphere reserve, then in the year 1381 The central part of the set was upgraded to the National Park.
  • Specific information

    Turan Biosphere Reserve with a total area of 1470,640 hectares is the largest biosphere reserve in Iran, which is the second largest biosphere region in the world after the reign of Africa in Tanzania. Touran is named after the Naibandan Wildlife Refuge in Tabas as the second largest protected area in Iran.
    Kharturan also probably has the largest number of cheetahs among different regions of Iran. Except for these, the Persian gazelle (Ahu), Jabir, Iranian leopard, Lynx, Wild sheep, Kobz, Sandy cat, Plain cat, Pallas cat (from rare species of cats in Iran), Hyaena , Wolf, Yellow jackal, Red fox and King Foxes are mammals of this region. Turan hosts the only Asian Asian cheetah. It is also in the captivity of the world; it is called the Delbar Cheetah.
  • Outlook

    Turan Biosphere Reserve has dry and semi-arid climate, located in the Anatolian Plateau region and is located in the Iran-Turanian region in terms of vegetation area. Its habitat is from postal areas with clay, gypsum, sandy and rocky soils to mountainous areas with an altitude of more than 2,200 meters.
  • Best time

    The summers of this region are hot and cold winter is cold and dry. Spring is the best season to visit this collection. Spring is the best season to visit this collection.
  • Must know

    Due to the species characteristics of the animal in this area and the recent events of the death of animals due to the speed of cars, this is a serious warning.
  • More Info

    The birds of the Turan National Park include, Chlamydotis macqueenii, Partridge, Thio, Quails, Chakhlagh, Pigeon, Lunar, Dom jonbanak Ablagh, Coracias benghalensis, Pterocles , Chloris chloris, Trumpeter Finch, Crested Lark , Isabelline Shrike , Hawthorn,types of Sparrow, Ferruginous Duck And herons and various kinds of birds such as Bahri, kestrel , Golden Eagle, Eagle Dashti, Eurasian Eagle-Owl , Eurasian Scops Owl, Dahl, Neophron percnopterus, Accipiter nisus andSteppe Buzzard. This area is also one of the best habitats for bog crow. The Persian Ground-jay is the only Iranian exclusive bird that lives next to Zygophyllum shrubs.
    In terms of structural and geological, a small part of the north of the region, except the Alborz Zone, and the rest of Central Iran. Turan is classified as the world heritage of steppe grassland in the Middle Asia and desert desert of the Middle East.
    The major heights of the region include the Maghrad mountains, Peyghambaran mountains, Sookhteh mountains, Paro baal, Shoorab al-Kum, the dark strait and the Gharibeh mountain. From the main springs of this area, you can find the fountains of Gharibeh, Si Tal, Afghans, Lekem, Talhab, Kal, Mara, Parobal, Ponidere, Hani, Nestane, Boglu, Shah Cheshmeh, Melyeh, Bahandar, cheshmeh Shah, Cheshmeh Maghdad, Pariyeh Spring, Abulahiyah and aziz Cheshme.
    Among the important cities and villages that can affect the bay reservoir, it can be found in the town of Biarjamakd, located 49 km west of the region, and the villages of Zaman Abad, Ahmed Abad, Reza Abad, Dastjerd and Abbas Abad.

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