yakhkan Cave- Ardebil

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The natural and national cave of Yalkhan is located in the southeastern part of the Ardebil province; the air inside the cave is cold and extremely moist and damp.

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The cave is located at the end of the southeastern part of Khalkhal city on the western side of the Masouleh and is about 2500 meters above sea level.

  • Background information

    The natural and national effect of the cave with an area of 1217 hectares in 2002 was approved by the Decree No. 225 dated 21/3/81.
    Due to the existence of a very gorgeous water downstream of the entrance to the cave, it is deduced that due to various causes, such as the earthquake, the cave ceiling has fallen and the massive stones have been separated from the ceiling of a new cave, which should be immunized and for the cave The main research and study is to be discovered.
  • Specific information

    The air inside the cave is cold and extremely moist and damp. The pond inside the cave also has a very tidy and extremely cold water, the water is supplied by dispersing water droplets due to the collision of cold water vapor. The main features of the main cave are the continuous flow of moist air and the formation of crystals of ice in the form of candles and thin sheets in some parts of the walls and ceiling, and in terms of its glacial property, it is called the iceberg or the ice mine. Interestingly, when the outside air is warm, freezing occurs, and with the cooling of the outside air, in addition to the formation of ice, the existing ice begins to melt.
  • Outlook

    The cave is located at a height of 2500 meters and at a height of about 60 meters from the tip of the summit. The genus of calcareous land is located in the opening of its entrance facing east. The effects of physical weathering and crushing of rocks are due to frost The burrowing face is well visible, sometimes extending over a hundred and fifty meters to the river's mouth. Its entrance opening is very small (40 '50 centimeters) through a narrow, narrow 10 meter long corridor and a maximum width of 50 centimeters to the large courtyard. The dimensions of this hall are 36 * 15 meters and a maximum height of 20-15 meters. The water pond is located on the eastern side and 1.5 meters above the cave floor. The main courtyard is connected to the western side by the corridors to the small hinges.
    In the glacier section, the route continues until we reach the well, which takes a few minutes to reach the bottom of the well, and this route is infinite, requiring further study. The type of cave is of a type, and it is likely that the main cave should be at a depth of 100 to 50 meters below the floor of the cave.
  • Recommendation

    Due to the fact that the cave's generalities are still unknown and many studies and studies are needed, the proposed protection range is as follows:
    North: from Gandam Abad village on the road of Jeep after crossing Roknabad village to Jalalabad village
    Shiraz: From Jalalabad village on the road to the village or jeep to the village of Andera
    In the south: from the village of Andehra, on the way to the roadside to the fresh village of Gondam Abad
    Hordany: From the fresh village of Gondam Abad on the road to Jeyp Road to Gondam Abad village
  • Must know

    The natural and multinational natural resources with a range of 4850 to 4853 latitudes and 3709 to 3711 longitude are located at the end of the southeast of Ardebil province.
  • Facilities

    Inside the main cavern of a cave, a chimney is facing upwards that leads to the outside, causing air to enter the cave and natural ventilation. Due to the geographic location and topography in the whole region of the air, due to the permanent penetration of the moisture of the Caspian Sea, it is wet. In the seasons, when the weather is warm, hot air enters the interior of the cave and moves it in the corridors and hallways, and the collision with the wet surfaces of the walls and ceiling of the cavern leads to the evaporation of their surface moisture. These surfaces are cooled by loss of energy and a favorable environment for freezing. The formation of ice crystals in the form of roof goblins and thin sheets at the surface of the walls cause the interior temperature of the cave to fall significantly and the freezing will continue to be more intense, and vice versa, if the inlet air is cold and wet, by entering a colder interior, some energy It frees itself and thus the air inside the cavern gradually warms and melt the ice sheets and frogs and cause them to fall. In the event of the continuity of this flow, the frosting ice of the cave floor is gradually melted, and this process continues with the change of temperature and humidity of saturation of the outside air in rotation. However, the shape of the interior of the cave, the position of corridors and halls, and the possibility of air exchange through the entrances and The outside of the chimney plays a very important role in this process.
  • More Info

    The process of forming ice crystals during hot air flow and melting ice when cold and favorable air penetrates into the interior of the cave, especially to corridors and corridors. In fact, the special property of water molecules in absorbing energy from solid state to liquid and gas, and the release of energy in a photo mode, namely, the conversion of water to liquid and solid, follows.
  • Pros

    Villagers, especially the inhabitants of Qadar, wheatabad and Dzhalal-Abad, Rokn-abad, in the summer provide ice from their caves, believing that the ice of the cave is healing.
  • Cons

    Occupational visits and threatening irresponsible damage and changes in the environmental system. Obviously, with the slightest change in its physical system, the cave feature, which acts like a natural refrigerator, can be eliminated.

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